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Thu, Oct 03

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Online

Use case #4 - GenAI's Impact on Elections

Brace for Elections: 40 Countries Are Voting in 2024. We should prepare not only for major policy changes and rising geopolitical friction everywhere from Washington, DC, to Taiwan but the impact Generative AI will have in voters before the elections.

Use case #4 - GenAI's Impact on Elections
Use case #4 - GenAI's Impact on Elections

Time & Location

Oct 03, 2024, 4:30 PM – 6:00 PM GMT+2

Online

About the event

In 2024, a record number of countries will hold elections. According to Bloomberg, collectively, they are home to more than 41 percent of the world’s population and 42 percent of global GDP. Much like past elections, the online ecosystem will play a role in shaping the contours of these campaigns, but new developments have strained an already contested information space. One of these developments is the rapid advance of generative artificial intelligence (AI), which allows anyone to conjure up realistic images, video, audio, or text based on user-provided prompts or questions.

We should prepare not only for major policy changes and rising geopolitical friction everywhere from Washington, DC, to Taiwan but the impact Generative AI will have in voters before the elections.

Use Case #4: Impact of Generative AI on Democracy and Elections

Generative AI, such as large language models (LLMs) like OpenAI's GPT, has the potential to significantly influence democracy and elections. While these technologies offer numerous benefits, they also pose substantial risks. During this session, we explore both the positive and negative impacts of generative AI on democratic processes and electoral integrity.

Positive Impacts:

1. Enhanced Political Engagement:

   - Personalized Voter Outreach: Generative AI can help political campaigns tailor their messages to individual voters based on their interests and concerns, potentially increasing voter engagement and turnout.

   - Interactive Political Education: AI-driven chatbots and virtual assistants can provide voters with information about candidates, policies, and the voting process, making it easier for citizens to become informed participants in the democratic process.

2. Efficient Administrative Processes:

   - Streamlined Voting Procedures: AI can be used to manage voter registration, verify identities, and streamline the voting process, reducing the likelihood of errors and increasing efficiency.

   - Election Monitoring: AI systems can help monitor election processes for irregularities, such as detecting unusual voting patterns or potential fraud, thus enhancing the integrity of elections.

3. Enhanced Public Discourse:

   - Fact-Checking and Misinformation Detection: AI tools can assist in identifying and correcting false information in real-time, helping to maintain the quality of public discourse and ensure that voters make decisions based on accurate information.

Negative Impacts:

1. Spread of Misinformation and Disinformation:

   - Deepfakes and Fake News: Generative AI can create highly realistic deepfakes and fake news articles, making it difficult for the public to distinguish between genuine and false information. This can lead to the spread of disinformation and manipulate public opinion.

   - Automated Misinformation Campaigns: AI can be used to generate and disseminate large volumes of misleading content rapidly, overwhelming efforts to debunk false claims and influencing voter perceptions.

2. Manipulation of Public Opinion:

   - Echo Chambers and Polarization: AI algorithms can amplify existing biases by creating echo chambers, where users are only exposed to information that reinforces their pre-existing views. This can increase political polarization and undermine democratic deliberation.

   - Targeted Propaganda: AI can be used to micro-target voters with personalized propaganda, subtly shaping their opinions and voting behaviors in ways that are difficult to detect and counteract.

3. Erosion of Trust:

   - Undermining Trust in Democratic Institutions: The use of AI-generated content in political campaigns can erode trust in the media, political institutions, and electoral outcomes. If voters believe that the information they receive is manipulated by AI, they may lose confidence in the democratic process.

   - Privacy Concerns: The extensive data collection required to personalize AI interactions can raise significant privacy concerns, leading to public distrust in how personal information is used in political contexts.

4. Regulatory and Ethical Challenges:

   - Lack of Accountability: The use of generative AI in politics raises questions about accountability. It can be challenging to hold individuals or organizations responsible for the spread of AI-generated misinformation or unethical campaign practices.

   - Regulatory Lag: The rapid development of AI technologies often outpaces the creation of regulations and ethical guidelines, leading to a gap in effective oversight and control.

Case Examples:

1. 2020 US Presidential Election:

   - **Disinformation Campaigns:** The 2020 US Presidential Election saw significant use of social media for political communication, where AI-generated content played a role in spreading misinformation. Deepfake videos and automated bots were used to influence voter opinions.

 

2. 2024 Deepfake Videos in Elections:

   - Political Deepfakes: In various countries, deepfake videos have been used to create false statements attributed to political candidates. These videos can be highly persuasive and damaging, influencing voters’ perceptions and decisions.

 Mitigating the Risks:

1. Regulation and Policy:

   - Governments need to develop and enforce regulations that address the use of AI in political campaigns, including transparency requirements and restrictions on the use of AI for disinformation.

   - International cooperation is essential to create a unified approach to managing the global impact of AI on democracy.

2. Public Awareness and Education:

   - Educating the public about the potential risks and benefits of AI in the political sphere can help voters become more discerning consumers of information.

   - Promoting digital literacy to enable citizens to identify and critically assess AI-generated content.

3. Technological Solutions:

   - Developing advanced AI tools for detecting and countering disinformation and deepfakes can help mitigate their impact.

   - Encouraging tech companies to adopt ethical guidelines and transparency measures in the deployment of AI technologies.

More details on venue, agenda and panelists coming soon. 

Stay tunned! 

IWIB4AI Team

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